What is Active Income

Active income refers to money earned through direct participation or work performed by an individual. It typically includes wages, salaries, tips, and commissions received in exchange for providing services or performing a job. Active income requires ongoing effort and time investment, where individuals trade their skills, expertise, or labor for financial compensation. Here are some common examples:

Wages and Salaries:

Income earned from employment, where individuals receive a regular payment in exchange for their work performed for an employer. This includes hourly wages, salaries, and overtime pay.

Self-Employment Income:

Income earned by individuals who work for themselves and operate their own businesses or freelance practices. This includes earnings from consulting, freelancing, entrepreneurship, and gig economy work.


Compensation based on a percentage of sales or transactions generated by salespersons, agents, or brokers. Commissions are commonly earned in industries such as real estate, insurance, and sales.

Tips and Gratuities:

Additional payments received by service workers, such as waiters, bartenders, taxi drivers, and hairdressers, in recognition of good service provided to customers.

Contract Work:

Income earned from short-term or project-based contracts, where individuals provide services or complete specific tasks for clients or employers on a contractual basis.

Consulting Fees:

Income earned by professionals, such as doctors, lawyers, accountants, and consultants, for providing specialized services to clients or customers.


Extra payments awarded to employees in addition to their regular salary or wages, typically as a reward for achieving performance goals, meeting targets, or contributing to the success of the organization.

What is Passive Income

Passive income refers to earnings generated from investments or business activities in which the individual is not directly involved on a day-to-day basis. It is income generated from sources that do not require continuous time and effort. Unlike active income, passive income streams often involve upfront work or investment but can generate ongoing returns. Here are some common examples:

Rental Income:

Earnings generated from renting out real estate properties, such as residential homes, commercial buildings, or vacation rentals. Landlords receive rental income from tenants in exchange for the use of the property.

Dividend Income:

Payments distributed to shareholders by corporations as a portion of their profits. Dividend income is typically derived from owning stocks or shares of mutual funds that pay dividends.

Interest Income:

Earnings generated from interest payments on loans, bonds, savings accounts, certificates of deposit (CDs), or other interest-bearing investments. Lenders receive interest income as compensation for lending money to borrowers.


Payments received by creators or owners of intellectual property, such as authors, musicians, artists, and inventors, for the use or reproduction of their works or inventions. Royalty income is earned from licensing agreements or royalties on sales.

Affiliate Marketing:

Income earned through affiliate marketing programs, where individuals promote products or services on behalf of other companies and earn commissions on sales or leads generated through their referral links.

Digital Products:

Income generated by selling digital products, such as e-books, online courses, software, or photography, where the initial effort lies in creating and marketing the product, while subsequent sales require minimal effort.

Peer-to-Peer Lending:

Passive income generated from peer-to-peer lending platforms, where individuals lend money to borrowers through online lending platforms and earn interest income on their investments.

Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs):

Passive income earned from investing in REITs, which are companies that own and manage income-producing real estate properties. Investors receive dividends from REITs based on the rental income and capital appreciation of the underlying properties.

Online Content Creation:

Passive income earned from creating and monetizing digital content, such as blogs, YouTube videos, podcasts, ebooks, or online courses. Content creators can generate revenue through advertising, sponsorships, subscriptions, or affiliate marketing.

Business Ownership:

Passive income earned from owning and investing in businesses or partnerships in which the individual has limited involvement in day-to-day operations. This may include income from owning shares in publicly traded companies, investing in private businesses, or participating in passive real estate investments.

It's important to note that each type of passive income may have its own considerations, risks, and requirements, and it's essential to research and understand them before engaging in any investment or income-generating activity.

Why having Both Matters

Having both active and passive income can provide several benefits and contribute to a well-rounded financial portfolio. Here are a few reasons why it's a good idea to have both:


Active and passive income sources offer diversification, reducing your reliance on a single income stream. If one source of income is affected by market fluctuations, economic downturns, or personal circumstances, having alternative sources can provide stability and financial security.

Risk Management:

Active income, such as wages or salaries, may be more reliable and predictable in the short term. Passive income, on the other hand, can provide long-term stability and potential growth. By combining both, you can mitigate risks associated with relying solely on one type of income.

Time Flexibility:

Active income typically requires active participation and time commitment, limiting your flexibility and freedom. Passive income streams, once established, can generate income with less direct involvement, allowing you to have more control over your time and pursue other interests or ventures.

Wealth Building:

Passive income has the potential to generate additional wealth and financial growth over time. By reinvesting passive income or using it to build assets, such as real estate or dividend-paying stocks, you can accelerate your wealth-building journey.

Financial Independence:

Having both active and passive income sources can contribute to financial independence and give you more control over your financial future. Passive income can provide a sense of financial security and the ability to cover expenses even if active income is temporarily disrupted.


Passive income streams have the potential to grow and scale over time with minimal ongoing effort or involvement. As you build passive income sources, you can increase your overall earning potential and achieve greater financial freedom.

Lifestyle Design:

Having multiple income streams gives you more control over your lifestyle and allows you to design a life that aligns with your values, interests, and goals. You can pursue career opportunities, entrepreneurial ventures, or leisure activities without being solely dependent on a single source of income.


In times of economic uncertainty or market volatility, having diverse income streams can provide resilience and stability. Passive income sources, such as dividends, rental income, or royalties, may be less affected by economic downturns compared to active income from employment or business.

Ultimately, a combination of active and passive income can offer a balanced approach to income generation, providing stability, flexibility, and the potential for long-term wealth accumulation. It's important to evaluate your personal goals, risk tolerance, and available resources to determine the right mix of income sources for your unique circumstances.

The Cashflow Quadrant

The Cashflow Quadrant is a concept introduced by Robert Kiyosaki in his book "Rich Dad's Cashflow Quadrant: Rich Dad's Guide to Financial Freedom." It's a way of categorizing the different methods by which people earn income. The quadrant is divided into four sections, each representing a different source of income:

Employee (E):

Employees are individuals who work for someone else in exchange for a salary or wages.

They typically trade their time and expertise for a fixed income.

While employees have the security of a regular paycheck and benefits, their earning potential may be limited by their salary and the number of hours they can work.

Self-Employed (S):

Self-employed individuals own and operate their own businesses or work as independent contractors.

They have more control over their work and may enjoy the flexibility of setting their own schedules.

However, self-employed individuals are often responsible for all aspects of their business, including marketing, operations, and finances.

Their income may be tied directly to their efforts, and they may find it challenging to scale their businesses without working more hours.

Business Owner (B):

Business owners are individuals who own businesses that can operate independently of their direct involvement.

They have built systems and teams to run their businesses, allowing them to delegate tasks and focus on strategic decisions.

Business owners have the potential to generate passive income and build wealth through their businesses.

Unlike self-employed individuals, business owners are not necessarily tied to the day-to-day operations of their businesses.

Investor (I):

Investors earn income by investing their money in assets such as stocks, bonds, real estate, or businesses.

They aim to generate returns on their investments through dividends, interest, or appreciation.

Investors have the potential to build wealth over time through compounding returns and strategic investment decisions.

Unlike employees and self-employed individuals, investors do not necessarily need to exchange their time for money. Instead, their money works for them.

Kiyosaki emphasizes the importance of transitioning from the left side of the quadrant (Employee and Self-Employed) to the right side (Business Owner and Investor) to achieve financial independence and long-term wealth. This is because the right side of the quadrant offers opportunities for passive income, scalability, and leverage, which can lead to greater financial freedom and abundance.